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Achievement and Standards
Achievement and Standards.
Through the National Strategies the Government asserts that most pupils with special educational needs, learning difficulties and disabilities (SEN/LDD), including those in special schools, are able to reach national expected levels. These are:
They take the view that, for the majority of those pupils who do not achieve the expected levels, National Curriculum levels and sub-levels still offer a suitable framework for assessment, planning and the evaluation of attainment and progress. However, for a much smaller number of pupils working below level 1 of the National Curriculum, the use of P levels (along with other assessment/planning frameworks linked to the Every Child Matters (ECM) five outcomes) enables schools to measure progress, set targets and evaluate the impact of their provision for these pupils.
Effective strategic analysis and interpretation of SEN/LDD data can have a direct impact in the classroom on learning and teaching for all pupils. To ensure this the headteacher and the senior management team, should always consider:
School level data for SEN/LDD
In addition to national indicators, schools should make decisions about which key indicators and data sets they will use to evaluate the impact of their provision and their impact upon the progress of pupils with SEN/LDD.
Schools can use data reports and analyses from packages such as RAISEonline, the FFT supplement, PIPS, other commercial packages and their own internal data sets of pupil performance in order to:
Schools can also judge how effectively they manage their provision by considering the five ECM outcomes against specific aspects of school life and its impact on pupil outcomes.
In the current absence of national benchmarked data for pupils working below the level of the test and at P Levels, schools need to ensure that their internal systems for teacher assessments and end of key stage tests, moderation and data analyses are robust and can evidence how pupils are progressing based on their prior attainment and age. Effective schools are able to evidence the progress of pupils working at the lowest P levels using a variety of holistic measures which take into account the fact that progress for these pupils may be uneven, lateral, or may concentrate on improving the quality of life and minimising skills loss for those with degenerative conditions.
Schools, including special schools, can use a range of data including:
Many special school leadership teams have developed further approaches to facilitate and record pupil progression, including:
Robust data is dependent on finely tuned moderation systems which ensure a realistic picture of a pupils progress based on their starting point. There are also a variety of commercial schemes available to enable schools to measure the smaller progression steps which contribute towards school level National Curriculum and P level data.