Mr Dickens and Personification
'Oh! But he was a tight-fisted hand
at the grind- stone, Scrooge! a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping,
clutching, covetous, old sinner! Hard and sharp as flint, from which no
steel had ever struck out generous fire; secret, and self-contained, and
solitary as an oyster. The cold within him
froze his old features, nipped his pointed nose, shriveled his cheek,
stiffened his gait; made his eyes red, his thin lips blue and spoke
out shrewdly in his grating voice. A frosty rime was on his head,
and on his eyebrows, and his wiry chin. He carried his own low temperature
always about with him; he iced his office in the dogdays; and didn't thaw
it one degree at Christmas'.
is when a writer makes and object or idea take on the behaviour of humans
or animals. So, we might get The weather is smiling
on us today. We know that the weather doesn't smile but we
know that the writer would want us to understand that the weather is good.
Similarly, we might have The smell of the dead
flowers shouted. We know flowers can't shout but we would understand
that the smell is so bad that it's very noticeable.
Dickens wants us to know how thin and mean and cold Scrooge sounds when
he speaks. So, the cold
..speaks out shrewdly
in his grating voice. It adds to our feeling of Scrooge as
an all-round, thoroughly nasty person.
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